The Politicisation of Transatlantic Trade in Europe: Explaining Inconsistent Preferences Regarding Free Trade and the TTIP

LSE ‘Europe in Question’ Discussion Paper Series, LEQS Paper No. 151/2019

36 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2020

See all articles by Aleksandra Sojka

Aleksandra Sojka

University of Granada

Jorge DIAZ LANCHAS

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Federico Steinberg

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Date Written: January 31, 2020

Abstract

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) generated an unprecedented public contestation across Europe. In this paper, we focus on the sources of such backlash in European public opinion. Previous studies of this issue have analysed opinions on free trade and the specific agreement separately. However, not accounting for their correlated character could lead to biased conclusions about their determinants. To address this, we apply an innovative empirical approach and construct a set of bi-variate probit models to calculate joint probabilities for the different configurations of support and opposition. We validate that attitudes toward free trade and the TTIP have similar but not identical foundations. Inconsistent preferences are rooted in individual values, EU attitudes, and political cues, as well as treaty partner heuristics. Our innovative empirical approach offers an improved understanding of trade attitudes within EU’s multilevel context.

Keywords: Trade Liberalization, Free Trade, Public Opinion, Trade Agreements, TTIP

JEL Classification: F13, F5, F35

Suggested Citation

Sojka, Aleksandra and DIAZ LANCHAS, Jorge and Steinberg, Federico, The Politicisation of Transatlantic Trade in Europe: Explaining Inconsistent Preferences Regarding Free Trade and the TTIP (January 31, 2020). LSE ‘Europe in Question’ Discussion Paper Series, LEQS Paper No. 151/2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3530953 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3530953

Aleksandra Sojka (Contact Author)

University of Granada ( email )

Facultad de Ciencia Política y Sociología
Rector Lopez Argueta s/n
Granada, Granada E-18071
Spain

Jorge DIAZ LANCHAS

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Federico Steinberg

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

Campus Cantoblanco
C/Kelsen, 1
Madrid, Madrid 28049
Spain

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