The Privacy Shield. Update on the state of play of the EU-US data transfer rules

European Parliament Think Tank, 2018

Posted: 6 Mar 2020

See all articles by Shara Monteleone

Shara Monteleone

European Parliamentary Research Service; European University Institute; European Commission-Joint Research Centre-Institute for Prospective Technological Studies

Laura Puccio

European Parliamentary Research Service

Date Written: July 26, 2018

Abstract

The CJEU’s Schrems judgment of October 2015, besides declaring the European Commission’s Decision on the EU-US ‘Safe Harbour’ data transfer regime invalid, has also settled a number of crucial requirements corresponding to the foundations of EU data protection. In less than one year from the CJEU ruling, the Commission had adopted a new adequacy decision in which the new framework for EU-US data transfer, the Privacy Shield (2016), is deemed to adequately protect EU citizens. The main improvements of the Privacy Shield (over its predecessor), as well as the critical reactions to the new arrangements, are discussed in this paper. The first joint annual review took place in September 2017 on which both the Commission and Article 29 Working Party issued their own reports. Although progress is recognised, a number of concerns remain and new challenges to the Privacy Shield have arisen, among others, from the Facebook/Cambridge Analytica scandal, as pointed out by the European Parliament in its recent resolution.

Keywords: privacy shield, data protection, European Union, US, data transfer

Suggested Citation

Monteleone, Shara and Puccio, Laura, The Privacy Shield. Update on the state of play of the EU-US data transfer rules (July 26, 2018). European Parliament Think Tank, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3532330

Shara Monteleone (Contact Author)

European Parliamentary Research Service

Brussels
Belgium

European University Institute ( email )

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133 via Bocaccio
Firenze (Florence), Tuscany 50014
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European Commission-Joint Research Centre-Institute for Prospective Technological Studies

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Sevilla, 41009
Spain

Laura Puccio

European Parliamentary Research Service ( email )

Brussels
Belgium

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