On the Equivalence Between Value-at-Risk- and Expected Shortfall-based risk measures in Non-Concave Optimization
37 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2020 Last revised: 1 Jul 2022
Date Written: February 7, 2020
We study a non-concave optimization problem in which a financial company maximizes the expected utility of the surplus under a risk-based regulatory constraint. For this problem, we consider four different prevalent risk constraints (Expected Shortfall, Expected Discounted Shortfall, Value-at-Risk, and Average Value-at-Risk), and investigate their effects on the optimal solution. Our main contributions are in obtaining an analytical solution under each of the four risk constraints, in the form of the optimal terminal wealth. We show that the four risk constraints lead to the same optimal solution, which differs from previous conclusions obtained from the corresponding concave optimization problem under a risk constraint. Compared with the benchmark (unconstrained) non-concave utility maximization problem, all the four risk constraints effectively and equivalently reduce the set of zero terminal wealth, but do not fully eliminate this set, indicating success and failure of the respective financial regulations.
Keywords: Value-at-Risk, Expected Shortfall, Optimal investment strategy, Non-concave utility maximization
JEL Classification: C61, G11
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation