Capital Outflow Waves in the Korean Economy during Financial Turmoil: Its Implications and Policy Suggestions
Journal of Korea Trade Vol. 23, No. 7, November 2019, 113-127
15 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2020
Date Written: November 15, 2019
Purpose – This paper investigates whether financial crises could be the indicators of capital outflow waves or vice versa in Korea. Korea has experienced two severe financial crises, which are the Asian Crisis and the global financial crisis. Although there were many variables associated with these two remarkable events, one notable variable was gross capital outflows, which had significantly increased around them. Motivated by existing literature which built theoretical frameworks explaining the relationship between capital flight and financial crises, we examine the empirical evidence for this relationship.
Design/methodology – We use panel data from 61 countries including Korea from 1980 to 2009 to study the associations between capital flight and diverse financial crises such as banking, currency, debt, and inflation crises. To be specific, we use the complementary log-log model to see whether capital outflow waves are reliable indicators for domestic financial crises.
Findings – The results show, first, that banking, currency, and inflation crises are associated with capital flight. Second, debt crises are also associated with capital flight, but the result is not robust to different specifications. And, third, the positive associations between capital flight and crises are mainly driven by banking flows rather than FDI and portfolio flows.
Originality/value – This paper is one of a few studies that investigates domestic (not foreign) investors’ behavior during financial turmoil. Furthermore, theoretical studies which provide contradictory explanations on the movements of gross capital outflows during financial crises emphasizes the importance of empirical evidence in this paper.
Keywords: Banking Flows, Gross Capital Outflows, Financial Crisis, Flights
JEL Classification: F21, F32, F40, G01
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation