Socio-Economic Determinants of Child Marriage: Evidence from the Iranian Provinces

20 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2020

See all articles by Mozhgan Asna-ashary

Mozhgan Asna-ashary

Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM)

Mohammad Reza Farzanegan

University of Marburg - Center for Near and Middle Eastern Studies (CNMS)

Mehdi Feizi

Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran

Hassan F. Gholipour

Swinburne University of Technology - Faculty of Business and Enterprise

Date Written: 2020

Abstract

We study the socio-economic determinants of child (girls below age of 19 years) marriage using a panel data of thirty Iranian provinces from 2007 to 2015. Our panel fixed effects and generalized method of moments (GMM) estimations show that the level of income per capita (with negative effect), inflation and income inequality (both with positive effect) are the significant determinants of child marriage. Our results which control for province fixed effects (e.g. local cultural norms or geographical conditions) do not show a significant effect of religiosity captured by a household's spending on religious products and services. To reduce child marriage, which has long-run negative effects on the development of children, policymakers need to focus on economic issues and distribution of income, thus reducing the economic incentives or necessities of families to accept the practice of child marriage. Child marriage is more rooted in economic deprivation than in religiosity of households.

Keywords: child marriage, Iran, poverty, panel regression

JEL Classification: J120, J130, P460

Suggested Citation

Asna-ashary, Mozhgan and Farzanegan, Mohammad Reza and Feizi, Mehdi and Gholipour, Hassan F., Socio-Economic Determinants of Child Marriage: Evidence from the Iranian Provinces (2020). CESifo Working Paper No. 8073, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3535283

Mozhgan Asna-ashary (Contact Author)

Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM) ( email )

P.O. Box 91775-1163
Mashhad
Iran

Mohammad Reza Farzanegan

University of Marburg - Center for Near and Middle Eastern Studies (CNMS) ( email )

Deutschhausstra├če 12
Marburg, 35037
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.uni-marburg.de/cnms/wirtschaft

Mehdi Feizi

Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran ( email )

P.O. Box 91775-1163
Mashhad
Iran
5138805369 (Phone)

Hassan F. Gholipour

Swinburne University of Technology - Faculty of Business and Enterprise ( email )

PO Box 218
Hawthorn, VIC 3122
Australia

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