Twin Defaults and Bank Capital Requirements
73 Pages Posted: 19 Feb 2020 Last revised: 30 Dec 2020
Date Written: October 1, 2019
We examine optimal capital requirements in a quantitative general equilibrium model with banks exposed to non-diversifiable borrower default risk. Contrary to standard models of bank default risk, our framework captures the limited upside but significant downside risk of loan portfolio returns (Nagel and Purnanandam, 2020). This helps to reproduce the frequency and severity of twin defaults: simultaneously high firm and bank failures. Hence, the optimal bank capital requirement, which trades off a lower frequency of twin defaults against restricting credit provision, is 5pp higher than under standard default risk models which underestimate the impact of borrower default on bank solvency.
Keywords: Financial Intermediation, Macroprudential Policy, Default Risk, Bank Assets Returns.
JEL Classification: E44, G01, G21
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