Determinants of Drug Injection Behavior: Economic Factors, HIV Injection Risk and Needle Exchange Programs

39 Pages Posted: 21 Nov 2002 Last revised: 1 Jun 2011

See all articles by Jeffrey S. DeSimone

Jeffrey S. DeSimone

University of Texas at Arlington - College of Business Administration - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: November 2002

Abstract

This study examines the effects of local cocaine and heroin prices, AIDS rates, and needle exchange programs on drug injection and needle sharing by adult male arrestees in 24 large U.S. cities during 1989 1995. Regressions that control for personal characteristics including income, fixed city and year effects, and city-specific trends indicate that needle exchange programs decrease both injection and sharing. Increases in previous year AIDS prevalence reduce injection by both sharers and non-sharers, leaving the proportion of injectors who share unchanged. Higher cocaine prices lead to less cocaine injection and more sharing, but heroin prices do not effect injection or sharing.

Suggested Citation

DeSimone, Jeffrey S., Determinants of Drug Injection Behavior: Economic Factors, HIV Injection Risk and Needle Exchange Programs (November 2002). NBER Working Paper No. w9350. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=353760

Jeffrey S. DeSimone (Contact Author)

University of Texas at Arlington - College of Business Administration - Department of Economics ( email )

Box 19479 UTA
Arlington, TX 76019
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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