The Determinants of IPO Withdrawals: Evidence From SPACs
30 Pages Posted: 25 Mar 2020
Date Written: February 15, 2020
This study examines the determinants of IPO withdrawal using a unique sample of Specified Purpose Acquisition Companies (SPACs) in the period 2003-2019. Our results show that both prospectuses' characteristics and market characteristics determine choices of withdrawal. The likelihood of withdrawals is in direct relation with the level of volatility on the day of IPO/withdrawal and if the acquisition target is in the private equity domain. SPACs are less likely to withdraw their IPO if they have a clear focus of acquisition, have a larger number of underwriters in the syndicate, and if their legal counsel is specialized in the SPAC market. We also document that the speed of IPO for SPACs is directly related to the level of the market, size of IPO, and if the CEO was previously manager of other public companies. On the other side, IPO takes longer if two lead underwriters underwrite SPAC.
Keywords: IPO, LASSO Selection Method, M&A, SPACs, Withdrawal
JEL Classification: G14, G24, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation