School Effects on Socio-Emotional Development, School-Based Arrests, and Educational Attainment

33 Pages Posted: 18 Feb 2020 Last revised: 12 Feb 2023

See all articles by C. Kirabo Jackson

C. Kirabo Jackson

Northwestern University

Shanette Porter

Mindset Scholars Network

John Easton

St Jude Children’s Research Hospital - Department of Computational Biology

Alyssa Blanchard

University of Chicago

Sebastián Kiguel

Northwestern University

Date Written: February 2020

Abstract

Using value-added models, we find that high schools impact students’ self-reported socioemotional development (SED) by enhancing social well-being and promoting hard work. Conditional on schools’ test score impacts, schools that improve SED reduce school-based arrests, and increase high-school completion, college-going, and college persistence. Schools that improve social well-being have larger effects on attendance and behavioral infractions in high school, while those that promote hard work have larger effects on GPA. Importantly, school SED value-added is more predictive of school impacts on longer-run outcomes than school test-score value-added. As such, for the longer-run outcomes, using both SED and test score value-added more than doubles the variance of the explained school effect relative to using test score value-added alone. Results suggest that adolescence can be a formative period for socioemotional growth, high-school impacts on SED can be captured using self-report surveys, and SED can be fostered by schools to improve longer-run outcomes. These findings are robust to tests for plausible forms of selection.

Suggested Citation

Jackson, C. Kirabo and Porter, Shanette and Easton, John and Blanchard, Alyssa and Kiguel, Sebastián, School Effects on Socio-Emotional Development, School-Based Arrests, and Educational Attainment (February 2020). NBER Working Paper No. w26759, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3539326

C. Kirabo Jackson (Contact Author)

Northwestern University ( email )

Shanette Porter

Mindset Scholars Network ( email )

1201 Connecticut Ave. NW Suite 300
Washington, DC 20036
United States

John Easton

St Jude Children’s Research Hospital - Department of Computational Biology ( email )

Memphis, TN 38105
United States

Alyssa Blanchard

University of Chicago ( email )

1101 East 58th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Sebastián Kiguel

Northwestern University ( email )

2001 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

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