Banking Stability, Institutional Quality, Market Concentration, Competition and Political Conflict in MENA
41 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2020
Date Written: February 18, 2020
This paper used panel data analysis via GMM estimation to investigate a number of contemporary issues regarding whether MENA banks’ stability and profitability are affected by market power and market concentration. Additionally, it investigates political issues that took place in late 2010 and 2011 as well as whether the quality of institutional environments contributed to shaping the financial performance of MENA banks and their stability. A large sample of banks have been selected for a period (1999-2016) that includes the recent global crisis period and Arab conflict. Findings confirm that the quality of institutional variables play a major role in explaining bank performance and stability. Furthermore, banks operating in more concentred markets are able to exercise their market power to obtain higher returns, confirming that less competition and higher concentration would lead to deterioration in banking stability. But, results showed that banking stability and profitability would be safeguarded if those banks with higher market power operate in better environments with high quality of regulatory, emphasising that quality of regulatory should be carefully considered to ensure the stability of financial systems and the national economy as whole.
Keywords: MENA Banks, Structure Conduct Performance, Capital Structure, Competition, Stability, Regulation, MENA economies
JEL Classification: C23, C26, F36, G21, F62, G31, G38, L41, M48, O16
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