Getting the (Gender-Disaggregated) Lay of the Land: Impact of Survey Respondent Selection on Measuring Land Ownership and Rights

48 Pages Posted: 20 Feb 2020 Last revised: 21 May 2020

See all articles by Talip Kilic

Talip Kilic

World Bank - Development Data Group (DECDG)

Heather G. Moylan

World Bank

Gayatri B. Koolwal

World Bank

Date Written: February 18, 2020

Abstract

Foundational to the monitoring of international goals on land ownership and rights are the household survey respondents who provide the required individual-disaggregated data. Leveraging two national surveys in Malawi that differed in their approach to respondent selection, this study shows that, compared with the international best practice of privately interviewing adults about their personal asset ownership and rights, the business-as-usual approach of interviewing the most knowledgeable household member(s) on adult household members' ownership of and rights to assets leads to (i) higher rates of exclusive reported and economic ownership of agricultural land among men, and (ii) lower rates of joint reported and economic ownership among women. Further, substantial agreement exists on agricultural landowners and rights holders, as reported by the privately-interviewed spouses. When discrepancies emerge, proxies for greater household status for women are positively associated with the scenarios where women attribute at least some land ownership to themselves.

Keywords: Gender and Development, Agricultural Economics, Food Security, Telecommunications Infrastructure, Hydrology

Suggested Citation

Kilic, Talip and Moylan, Heather G. and Koolwal, Gayatri B., Getting the (Gender-Disaggregated) Lay of the Land: Impact of Survey Respondent Selection on Measuring Land Ownership and Rights (February 18, 2020). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 9151, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3540979

Talip Kilic (Contact Author)

World Bank - Development Data Group (DECDG) ( email )

Via Labicana 110
Rome, Lazio 00184
Italy

Heather G. Moylan

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Gayatri B. Koolwal

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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