lancet-header
Preprints with The Lancet is part of SSRN´s First Look, a place where journals and other research experts identify content of interest prior to publication. These preprint papers are not peer-reviewed and are posted here as part of a 12-month trial. Authors have either opted in at submission to The Lancet family of journals to post their preprints on Preprints with The Lancet, or submitted directly via SSRN. The usual SSRN checks and a Lancet-specific check for appropriateness and transparency have been applied. These papers should not be used for clinical decision making or reporting of research to a lay audience without indicating that this is preliminary research that has not been peer-reviewed. For more information see the Comment published in The Lancet, or visit The Lancet´s FAQ page, and for any feedback please contact preprints@lancet.com

Perceived Social Support and Its Impact on Psychological Status and Quality of Life of Medical Staffs After Outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 Pneumonia: A Cross-Sectional Study

21 Pages Posted: 20 Feb 2020

See all articles by Xiaoyan Liu

Xiaoyan Liu

Wuhan University - Department of Hematology

Liang Shao

Wuhan University - Department of Hematology

Ruixian Zhang

Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis Treatment of Infectious Diseases - Yunnan Center for Disease Control and Prevention

Yongchang Wei

Wuhan University - Department of Radiation and Medical Oncology

Jianfang Li

Wuhan University - Department of Hematology

Cong Wang

Wuhan University - Department of Hematology

Xuechuan Hong

Wuhan University - State Key Laboratory of Virology

Fuling Zhou

Wuhan University - Department of Hematology

More...

Abstract

Background: The outbreak of a new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) induced pneumonia (NCP) in the central city of Wuhan in China poses a threat to the public health. This study aims to compare the psychological status, life quality and perceived social support in medical staffs and average citizens in this particular situation.

Methods: A total of 506 participants were enrolled in the study, including 258medical staffs and 248 average citizens. The Short Form-36 (SF-36), Patient Health Questionaire-4 (PHQ-4) and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) questionnaires were administered to the participants after outbreak of NCP. The Chi-square test was used to examine differences in psychological consequences in categorical variables. The Spearman rank test was used to determine the correlation between anxiety, depression, quality of life and perceived social support.

Findings: Six (1.19%) were diagnosed as confirmed NCP, including 3 medical staffs and 3 average citizens. Moreover, there were more medical staffs who had close contact with NCP patients than that in average citizens (37.21% vs 3.63%, p <0.001). Additionally, medical staffs showed higher scores of physical functioning and role physical scale than average citizens ( p =0.001). The former cohort gained significantly higher scores in all perceived social support scale domains: family support ( p =0.001), friend support ( p =0.038) and significant other social support ( p =0.025) than average citizens. Furthermore, medical staffs who had close contact with NCP patients were more susceptible to depression than medical staffs without previous contact with NCP patients and average citizens. Notably, Spearman rank correlation showed that depression and anxiety were negatively correlated with perceived social support in either medical staffs who had close contact with NCP patients or those without previous contact with NCP patients. Moreover, Mental health, General health, Bodily pain and Vitality were positively correlated with family support, friend support and significant other support in medical staffs.

Interpretation: Medical staffs who had previous contact with NCP patients exhibited increased psychological problems and perceived social support. The governments should provide psychological services for medical staffs in the front line under the serious epidemic threat.

Funding Statement: The authors stated: "Without funding support."

Declaration of Interests: The authors declared that there are no conflicts of interest.

Ethics Approval Statement: This study was conducted according to the principles of Helsinki and approved by the Ethics Committee of Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University (No.2020037). All participants have been recruited with their consent.

Keywords: Medical staffs; psychological status; life quality; perceived social support; novel coronavirus

Suggested Citation

Liu, Xiaoyan and Shao, Liang and Zhang, Ruixian and Wei, Yongchang and Li, Jianfang and Wang, Cong and Hong, Xuechuan and Zhou, Fuling, Perceived Social Support and Its Impact on Psychological Status and Quality of Life of Medical Staffs After Outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 Pneumonia: A Cross-Sectional Study (February 19, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3541127 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3541127

Xiaoyan Liu

Wuhan University - Department of Hematology

China

Liang Shao

Wuhan University - Department of Hematology

China

Ruixian Zhang

Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis Treatment of Infectious Diseases - Yunnan Center for Disease Control and Prevention

Yunan
Cayman Islands

Yongchang Wei

Wuhan University - Department of Radiation and Medical Oncology

Wuhan
China

Jianfang Li

Wuhan University - Department of Hematology

China

Cong Wang

Wuhan University - Department of Hematology

China

Xuechuan Hong

Wuhan University - State Key Laboratory of Virology

Wuhan, Hubei 430072
China

Fuling Zhou (Contact Author)

Wuhan University - Department of Hematology ( email )

China

Click here to go to TheLancet.com

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
670
Downloads
198