Characteristics of Retracted Articles Based on Retraction Data From Online Sources Through February 2019

Science Editing 2020;7(1): 34-44. doi:10.6087/kcse.187

11 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2020

See all articles by Quan Hoang Vuong

Quan Hoang Vuong

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management; Phenikaa University

Viet-Phuong La

Vuong & Associates

Mạnh Tùng Hồ

Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University

Thu-Trang Vuong

Vuong & Associates; Sciences Po, Students

Manh-Toan Ho

Vuong & Associates; Phenikaa University, Center for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Students; Thanh Tay University

Date Written: February 20, 2020

Abstract

Purpose: Although retractions are commonly considered to be negative, the fact remains that they play a positive role in the academic community. For instance, retractions help scientific enterprise perform its self-correcting function and provide lessons for future researchers; furthermore, they represent the fulfillment of social responsibilities, and they enable scientific communities to offer better monitoring services to keep problematic studies in check. This study aims to provide a thorough overview of the practice of retraction in scientific publishing from the first incident to the present.

Method: We built a database using SQL Server 2016 and homemade artificial intelligence tools to extract and classify data sources including RetractionWatch, official publishers’ archives, and online communities into ready-to-analyze groups and to scan them for new data. After data cleaning, a dataset of 18,603 retractions from 1,753 (when the first retracted paper was published) to February 2019, covering 127 research fields, was established.

Results: Notable retraction events include the rise in retracted articles starting in 1999 and the unusual number of retractions in 2010. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Elsevier, and Springer account for nearly 60% of all retracted papers globally, with Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers contributing the most retractions, even though it is not the organization that publishes the most journals. Finally, reasons for retraction are diverse but the most common is “fake peer review”.

Conclusion: This study suggests that the frequency of retraction has boomed in the past 20 years, and it underscores the importance of understanding and learning from the practice of retracting scientific articles.

Keywords: Academic publishing; Retraction; Scientific publication; Self-correcting capability

Suggested Citation

Vuong, Quan Hoang and La, Viet-Phuong and Hồ, Mạnh Tùng and Vuong, Thu-Trang and Ho, Manh-Toan, Characteristics of Retracted Articles Based on Retraction Data From Online Sources Through February 2019 (February 20, 2020). Science Editing 2020;7(1): 34-44. doi:10.6087/kcse.187, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3541886

Quan Hoang Vuong

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management ( email )

ULB CP 145/01
21 Ave. F.D. Roosevelt
Brussels, Bruxelles 1050
Belgium
+32-2-6504864 (Phone)
+32-2-6504188 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ceb-ulb.com/vuong-quan-hoang.html

Phenikaa University ( email )

To Huu road, Yen Nghia
Ha Dong district
Hanoi, Hanoi 100803
Vietnam

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/vuongqh2019/

Viet-Phuong La

Vuong & Associates ( email )

3/161 Thinh Quang
Dong Da District
Hanoi, 100000
Vietnam

Mạnh Tùng Hồ

Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University ( email )

1-1 Jumonjibaru
Beppu City, Oita 874-8577
Japan

Thu-Trang Vuong

Vuong & Associates ( email )

3/161 Thinh Quang
Dong Da District
Hanoi, 100000
Vietnam

Sciences Po, Students ( email )

28 Rue des Saint-Peres
Paris, Paris 75006
France

Manh-Toan Ho (Contact Author)

Vuong & Associates ( email )

3/161 Thinh Quang
Dong Da District
Hanoi, 100000
Vietnam

Phenikaa University, Center for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Students ( email )

Hanoi
Vietnam

Thanh Tay University ( email )

Yen Nghia Ward, Ha Dong District
Hanoi, 100803
Vietnam

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