Dynamics of Biofuel Prices on the European Market: Impact of the EU Environmental Policy on the Resources Markets

27 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2020

See all articles by Francis Declerck

Francis Declerck

ESSEC Business School

Jean-Pierre Indjehagopian

ESSEC Business School - Information & Decision Sciences Department

Frederic Lantz

Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP)

Date Written: February 21, 2020

Abstract

This paper aims at explaining the major drivers of bio-diesel market prices by examining agricultural resource prices and gas-oil prices for automotive fuels in the context of the EU environmental policy. The EU policy has enhanced bio-diesel production since 2006. Bio-diesel prices are impacted by the EU policy as well as rapeseed and oil prices which have fluctuated a lot over the last decade. An econometric analysis was performed using monthly data from November 2006 to January 2016. However, tests for structural breaks show several changes in price behavior. This leads us to estimate a regime-switching model which reveals two main regimes for the bio-diesel price pattern. When oil prices are high, bio-diesel, rapeseed and diesel oil prices are related, mainly driven by oil prices. When oil prices are low, bio-diesel prices are mostly related to rapeseed prices according to EU regulations requiring the blending of bio-diesel and gas-oil.

Keywords: Bio-fuel, Oil Market, Structural Changes, Switching Regime Model

JEL Classification: O13, Q16, Q41, Q42

Suggested Citation

Declerck, Francis and Indjehagopian, Jean-Pierre and Lantz, Frederic, Dynamics of Biofuel Prices on the European Market: Impact of the EU Environmental Policy on the Resources Markets (February 21, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3542376 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3542376

Francis Declerck (Contact Author)

ESSEC Business School

3 Avenue Bernard Hirsch
CS 50105 CERGY
CERGY, CERGY PONTOISE CEDEX
France

Jean-Pierre Indjehagopian

ESSEC Business School - Information & Decision Sciences Department ( email )

Avenue Bernard Hirsch B.P. 50105
Cergy-Pontoise (Paris), 95021
France

Frederic Lantz

Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP)

228 Avenue Napoleon Bonaparte
Rueil Malmaison 92852
France

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