Improving the Critical Thinking Skills of Secondary School Students using Problem-Based Learning

Lapuz, A.M.E., & Fulgencio, M.N. (2020). Improving the Critical Thinking Skills of Secondary School Students using Problem-Based Learning. International Journal of Academic Multidisciplinary Research, (4) 1, 1-7.

7 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2020

Date Written: January 30, 2020

Abstract

Problem-based learning (PBL) is a pedagogy where students gain knowledge about a subject through solving an illstructured problem. Critical thinking skills (CTS) are the capacity to think about what to do or what to consider by an individual. This study sought to decide if using Problem-based Learning (PBL) improves the critical thinking skills (CTS) of the students in a secondary school in the subject of economics. This research used an experimental design. Twenty-seven (27) students were purposively selected from a secondary school in Zambales, Philippines for the school year 2017-2018. Results proved that there was a significant difference in the test scores before and after the intervention. We found PBL to be effective in improving the critical thinking skills of the students based on the result of the mean analysis, standard deviation, and t-test. The researchers recommend that problem-based learning may improve the level of critical thinking skills of the students and improve the teachinglearning process.

Keywords: Critical thinking skills, Descriptive action research, Grade 9 students, Problem-based learning

JEL Classification: I29

Suggested Citation

Lapuz, April Mercy and Fulgencio, Marlon N., Improving the Critical Thinking Skills of Secondary School Students using Problem-Based Learning (January 30, 2020). Lapuz, A.M.E., & Fulgencio, M.N. (2020). Improving the Critical Thinking Skills of Secondary School Students using Problem-Based Learning. International Journal of Academic Multidisciplinary Research, (4) 1, 1-7. , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3543211

April Mercy Lapuz (Contact Author)

Gordon College ( email )

Donor Street, East Tapinac
Olongapo City, Zambales 2200
Philippines

Marlon N. Fulgencio

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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