STEM Education and Outcomes in Vietnam: Views from the Social Gap and Gender Issues

27 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2020

See all articles by Quan Hoang Vuong

Quan Hoang Vuong

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management; Phenikaa University

Pham Thang Hang

Hanoi University - Faculty of Management and Tourism

Trung Tran

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Thu-Trang Vuong

Vuong & Associates; Sciences Po, Students

Nguyen Manh Cuong

Hanoi University

Nguyen P. Khanh Linh

Phenikaa University - Center for Interdisciplinary Social Research

Viet-Phuong La

Vuong & Associates

Manh-Toan Ho

Vuong & Associates; Phenikaa University, Center for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Students; Thanh Tay University

Date Written: February 24, 2020

Abstract

United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals 4 Quality Education has highlighted major challenges for all nations to ensure inclusive and equitable quality access to education, facilities for children, and young adults. The SDG4 is even more important for developing nations as receiving proper education or vocational training, especially in science and technology, means a foundational step in improving other aspects of their citizens’ lives. However, the extant scientific literature about STEM education still lacks focus on developing countries, even more so in the rural area. Using a dataset of 4967 observations of junior high school students from a rural area in a transition economy, the article employs the Bayesian approach to identify the interaction between gender, socioeconomic status, and students’ STEM academic achievements. The results report gender has little association with STEM academic achievements; however, female students (αa_Sex[2] = 2.83) appear to have achieved better results than their male counterparts (αa_Sex[1] = 2.68). Families with better economic status, parents with a high level of education (βb(EduMot) = 0.07), or non-manual jobs (αa_SexPJ[4] = 3.25) are found to be correlated with better study results. On the contrary, students with zero (βb(OnlyChi) = -0.14) or more than two siblings (βb(NumberofChi) = -0.01) are correlated with lower study results compared to those with only one sibling. These results imply the importance of providing women with opportunities for better education. Policymakers should also consider maintaining family size so the parents can provide their resources to each child equally.

Suggested Citation

Vuong, Quan Hoang and Thanh Hang, Pham and Tran, Trung and Vuong, Thu-Trang and Manh Cuong, Nguyen and Khanh Linh, Nguyen P. and La, Viet-Phuong and Ho, Manh-Toan, STEM Education and Outcomes in Vietnam: Views from the Social Gap and Gender Issues (February 24, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3543346 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3543346

Quan Hoang Vuong

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management ( email )

ULB CP 145/01
21 Ave. F.D. Roosevelt
Brussels, Bruxelles 1050
Belgium
+32-2-6504864 (Phone)
+32-2-6504188 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ceb-ulb.com/vuong-quan-hoang.html

Phenikaa University ( email )

To Huu road, Yen Nghia
Ha Dong district
Hanoi, Hanoi 100803
Vietnam

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/vuongqh2019/

Pham Thanh Hang

Hanoi University - Faculty of Management and Tourism ( email )

Km 9, Nguyen Trai St., Thanh Xuan
Hanoi
Vietnam

Trung Tran

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Thu-Trang Vuong

Vuong & Associates ( email )

3/161 Thinh Quang
Dong Da District
Hanoi, 100000
Vietnam

Sciences Po, Students ( email )

28 Rue des Saint-Peres
Paris, Paris 75006
France

Nguyen Manh Cuong

Hanoi University ( email )

Hanoi
Vietnam

Nguyen P. Khanh Linh

Phenikaa University - Center for Interdisciplinary Social Research ( email )

Vietnam

Viet-Phuong La

Vuong & Associates ( email )

3/161 Thinh Quang
Dong Da District
Hanoi, 100000
Vietnam

Manh-Toan Ho (Contact Author)

Vuong & Associates ( email )

3/161 Thinh Quang
Dong Da District
Hanoi, 100000
Vietnam

Phenikaa University, Center for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Students ( email )

Hanoi
Vietnam

Thanh Tay University ( email )

Yen Nghia Ward, Ha Dong District
Hanoi, 100803
Vietnam

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