Against Fiduciary Constitutionalism
54 Pages Posted: 2 Mar 2020 Last revised: 25 Apr 2022
Date Written: February 28, 2020
A growing body of scholarship draws connections between fiduciary law and the Constitution. In much of this literature, the Constitution is described as a fiduciary instrument that establishes fiduciary duties, not least for the President of the United States.
This Article examines and critiques the claims of fiduciary constitutionalism. Although a range of arguments are made in this literature, there are common failings. Some of these involve a literalistic misreading of the works of leading political philosophers (e.g., Plato and Locke). Other failings involve fiduciary law, such as mistakes about how to identify fiduciary relationships and about the content and enforcement of fiduciary duties. Still other failings sound in constitutional law, including the attempt to locate the genre of the Constitution in the categories of private fiduciary law. These criticisms suggest weaknesses in the new and increasingly influential attempt to develop fiduciary constitutionalism.
Keywords: constitutional law, fiduciary law, Article II
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