Do Markets Overcome Repugnance? Muslim Trade Response to Anti-Muhammad Cartoons
36 Pages Posted: 26 Mar 2020
Date Written: January 20, 2020
What is the effect of religious beliefs on economic choices? And in light of this effect, what
is the cost of free speech? After Danish newspapers published Anti-Muhammad cartoons, the religious status of trade with Denmark changed exogenously in Muslim countries. Exports from Denmark to Muslim countries decreased by 23%, while close substitute countries like Finland gained export share. Final goods were more affected than intermediate goods as were more religious Muslim countries. Denmark did not shift exports to other countries, but trade quantity rebounded in 20 months. Notably, Muslim exports to Denmark were unaffected, consistent with money overcoming repugnance.
Keywords: Free Speech, Trust, Conflict, Backlash, Markets, Trade, Culture
JEL Classification: K0, Z1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation