Peer R&D Disclosure and Corporate Innovation: Evidence from American Depositary Receipt Firms
Advances in Accounting, Forthcoming
45 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2020
Date Written: February 1, 2020
In this paper, we examine the effect of peer research and development (R&D) disclosures on corporate innovation. R&D disclosures can generate externalities for related firms, enabling those firms to better infer a project’s likely payoffs and thus prioritize projects with higher net present values. We use a sample of foreign firms cross-listed on U.S. exchanges to investigate whether U.S. peer firms experience externalities from the cross-listing firm’s R&D disclosures. We find that R&D disclosures by cross-listing firms are associated with greater innovation for industry peers in the U.S. market, especially when product market competition is high. The effect also varies with the home country’s legal protection systems, disclosure environments, and accounting reporting rules. Cross-sectional analyses indicate that the externalities are more pronounced in industries or firms that rely more on external financing and firms subject to higher financial constraints; disclosures of higher quality appear to promote innovation by ameliorating financing frictions. Overall, this study provides evidence of R&D disclosure as an industry-wide determinant of innovation, thereby contributing to literature on the real effects of peer disclosures.
Keywords: Research & Development, Peer-Firm Disclosures, Innovation, Cross-Listing
JEL Classification: O32, G30, M41, G15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation