The Price for a Seat at the ISDS Reform Table – CJEU’s Clearance of the EU’s Investment Protection Policy in Opinion 1/17 and Its Impact on the EU Constitutional Order

Andrea Biondi and Giorgia Sangiuolo (eds), Judicial Protection and EU Free Trade Agreements, LAwTTIP Book Series,nEdward Elgar Publishing, Forthcoming

20 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2020

See all articles by Steffen Hindelang

Steffen Hindelang

Uppsala University - Faculty of Law; University of Southern Denmark - Department of Law; Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Walter Hallstein Institute for European Constitutional Law

Date Written: March 3, 2020

Abstract

The CJEU in Opinion 1/17 concluded that the CETA’s investment provisions are in compliance with the EU Treaties; a decision not just of considerable importance for the Commission’s investment protection policy and reform agenda. It also shows significant consequences for the EU constitutional order. This chapter seeks to explore the said consequences – or the price, so to say – which will come with clearing the way for ISDS in EU agreements in three dimensions. First, the CJEU possibly finding itself more often in judicial conflicts with adjudicative bodies established on the basis of EU agreements, ISDS may sooner or later face its ‘Kadi moment’. Second, by allowing for different standards for reviewing the exercise of sovereign power inside and outside the EU judicial system, Opinion 1/17 gave its blessings to a reshape of the Union’s rule of law. Third, ‘strategic ambiguity’ having been displaced by clarity, the EU unconstitutionality of many EU Member State BITs with third countries as well as of the application of the ECT in disputes with non-EU investors can hardly be denied.

Keywords: CJEU, EU Law, Opinion 1/17, Autonomy, Autonomy of EU Law, Canada, CETA, ISDS, ICS, Mutual Trust, Achmea, Investor-State Arbitration, Intra-EU, Extra-EU, UNCITRAL Working Group III, MIC, Multilateral Investment Court, EU, European Union

Suggested Citation

Hindelang, Steffen, The Price for a Seat at the ISDS Reform Table – CJEU’s Clearance of the EU’s Investment Protection Policy in Opinion 1/17 and Its Impact on the EU Constitutional Order (March 3, 2020). Andrea Biondi and Giorgia Sangiuolo (eds), Judicial Protection and EU Free Trade Agreements, LAwTTIP Book Series,nEdward Elgar Publishing, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3548204 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3548204

Steffen Hindelang (Contact Author)

Uppsala University - Faculty of Law ( email )

Faculty of Law Box 512
Uppsala, SE-751 20
Sweden

University of Southern Denmark - Department of Law ( email )

Odense
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://www.steffenhindelang.de

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin Walter Hallstein Institute for European Constitutional Law ( email )

Unter den Linden 6
Berlin, D-10099
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.steffenhindelang.de

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