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The Epidemiological Characteristics of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Diseases (COVID-19) in Jingmen, China

10 Pages Posted: 6 Mar 2020

See all articles by Qijun Gao

Qijun Gao

First People’s Hospital of Jingmen - Department of Cardiology

Yingfu Hu

First People’s Hospital of Jingmen - Department of Cardiology

Zhiguo Dai

First People’s Hospital of Jingmen - Department of Cardiology

Feng Xiao

First People’s Hospital of Jingmen - Department of Infectious Disease

Jing Wang

First People’s Hospital of Jingmen - Department of Infectious Disease

Jing Wu

First People’s Hospital of Jingmen - Department of Infectious Disease

More...

Abstract

Background: Some articles have reported the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in Wuhan, but other cities have rarely been reported. This study explored the epidemiology of COVID-19 in Jingmen.

Methods: All confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the First People’s Hospitalirst of Jingmen are included from January 12 to February 14, 2020. Cases were analyzed for epidemiological data and were confirmed by real-time PCR.

Findings: Of the 213 cases (108 men and 105 women), 88 (41%) had exposure to W uhan. The median age was 48 years (range, 2-88 years;IQR, 35-58.5). Thirty-three severe patients with a median age of 66 years (range, 33-82 years,IQR, 57-76) were treated in intensive care units; out of these patients, 66.7% (22) were men and 19 (57.5%) had chronic diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, stroke, and renal insufficiency. Under the controlled measures, the number of new patients gradually decreased and nearly disappeared after 20 days.

Interpretation: All people are susceptible to the COVID-19, but older males and those with comorbid conditions are more likely to have severe symptoms. Even though COVID-19 is highly contagious, control measures have proven to be very effective.

Funding Statement: This research received no external funding.

Declaration of Interests: The authors declare no competing interests.

Ethics Approval Statement: The study was approved by the First People’s Hospital of Jingmen Ethics Committee. The patients’ written informed consent was obtained before data was collected.

Keywords: COVID-19; epidemiological characteristics; Infectious Disease

Suggested Citation

Gao, Qijun and Hu, Yingfu and Dai, Zhiguo and Xiao, Feng and Wang, Jing and Wu, Jing, The Epidemiological Characteristics of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Diseases (COVID-19) in Jingmen, China (2/29/2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3548755 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3548755

Qijun Gao

First People’s Hospital of Jingmen - Department of Cardiology

Jingmen
China

Yingfu Hu

First People’s Hospital of Jingmen - Department of Cardiology

Jingmen
China

Zhiguo Dai (Contact Author)

First People’s Hospital of Jingmen - Department of Cardiology ( email )

Jingmen
China

Feng Xiao

First People’s Hospital of Jingmen - Department of Infectious Disease

Jingmen
China

Jing Wang

First People’s Hospital of Jingmen - Department of Infectious Disease

Jingmen
China

Jing Wu

First People’s Hospital of Jingmen - Department of Infectious Disease

Jingmen
China

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