Topoisomerase 3B (TOP3B) DNA and RNA Cleavage Complexes and Pathway to Repair TOP3B-Linked RNA and DNA Breaks
47 Pages Posted: 12 Mar 2020 Sneak Peek Status: Review CompleteMore...
Genetic inactivation of TOP3B is linked with schizophrenia, autism, intellectual disability and cancer. The present study demonstrates that in vivo TOP3B forms both RNA and DNA cleavage complexes (TOP3Bccs) and reveals a pathway for repairing TOP3Bccs. For detecting cellular TOP3Bccs, we engineered a “self-trapping” mutant of TOP3B (R338W TOP3B) and to determine how human cells repair TOP3Bccs, we depleted tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterases (TDP1 and TDP2). TDP2-deficient cells produced elevated TOP3Bccs both in DNA and RNA. Conversely, overexpression of TDP2 lowered cellular TOP3Bccs. Using recombinant human TDP2, we demonstrate that TDP2 cannot excise the native form of TOP3Bccs. Hypothesizing that TDP2 cannot access phosphotyrosyl linkage unless TOP3B is either proteolyzed or denatured, we found that cellular TOP3Bccs are ubiquitinated by the E3 Ubiquitin Ligase TRIM41 before undergoing proteasomal degradation and excision by TDP2.
Keywords: Topoisomerase, TDP2, Ubiquitin-Proteasome, TRIM41, DNA repair
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