The Role of Australian Local Governments in Creating a Healthy Food Environment: An Analysis of Policy Documents from Six Sydney Local Governments
B. Reeve, A.M. Thow, P. Baker, J. Hersc, S.May, "The role of Australian Local Governments in Creating a Healthy Food Environment: An Analysis of Policy Documents from Six Sydney Local Governments", Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 2020
9 Pages Posted: 13 Mar 2020
Date Written: March 12, 2020
Objective: This paper examines policies from six local governments (LGs) relevant to promoting a healthy food supply and consumer food environment.
Methods: We analysed the six LGs’ food and nutrition policies against a framework based on Australian literature and international policy frameworks. Policy content was collected by searching LG websites and analysed with reference to recommended policy actions in the framework.
Results: All LGs took action on reducing food waste, providing food/meal services for disadvantaged groups, and providing information/education on food and nutrition. A sub‐set also supported urban/local food production and markets selling fresh, healthy food. Our search did not identify any indication of a comprehensive policy framework to guide action on food and nutrition, nor did we find policies restricting opening of unhealthy food outlets, encouraging the opening of healthy food outlets, or reducing unhealthy food marketing.
Conclusions: Local governments in Australia are implementing policies to support improved nutrition. However, there are further opportunities for action, including discouraging unhealthy food outlets and restricting unhealthy food marketing.
Implications for public health: The legal remit of LGs includes responsibilities relevant to food and nutrition. Further research is needed regarding how their powers could be better leveraged to improve diet‐related health.
Keywords: local government, nutrition, food environment, policy, law
JEL Classification: I18, K10, K19, K30, Q18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation