Framework for Public Transport Integration at Railway Stations and Its Implications for Quality of Life

16 Pages Posted: 11 Mar 2020

See all articles by Dipanjan Nag

Dipanjan Nag

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

Manoj BS

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

Arkopal Goswami

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

Shreyas Bharule

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur

Date Written: December 10, 2019

Abstract

The integration of public transport modes has been cited by many as one of the primary factors that enhances public transport ridership and makes public transport investments more viable. Asian cities are witnessing huge investments in high-speed rail (HSR) infrastructure, which will be instrumental in inter-city travel. The HSR station should serve as a multimodal hub, providing users with a seamless interface to various transport modes of the city, thus enabling in the provision of a sustainable transportation solution to the urban area. This paper focuses on public transportation integration at railway stations by drawing upon existing literature along with specific case studies from Asian cities. First, a generalized framework for integration is developed based on literature sources. Second, six Asian railway stations were reviewed to identify the components essential for developing the public transport integration framework. Finally, the implication of such integrated transport nodes is addressed with reference to the urban quality of life. Results reveal that a framework with three levels of integration — physical, informatory, and monetary, is required to achieve successful public transport integration at railway stations. These levels of integration also need to be supported by additional interventions, such as those that enhance user perception of transit service quality, provides contextual information of the surroundings, and garners active participation of the stakeholders, which will, in turn, enhance the sense of belonging and aid in augmenting users’ quality of life.

Keywords: public transport integration, station area development, transit-oriented development, quality of life

JEL Classification: O18, O21, R53, R58

Suggested Citation

Nag, Dipanjan and BS, Manoj and Goswami, Arkopal and Bharule, Shreyas, Framework for Public Transport Integration at Railway Stations and Its Implications for Quality of Life (December 10, 2019). ADBI Working Paper 1054, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3551888 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3551888

Dipanjan Nag

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur ( email )

Kharagpur
West Medinipur, WA West Bengal 721302
India

Manoj BS

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur ( email )

Kharagpur
West Medinipur, WA West Bengal 721302
India

Arkopal Goswami

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur ( email )

Kharagpur
West Medinipur, WA West Bengal 721302
India

Shreyas Bharule (Contact Author)

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur ( email )

Kharagpur
West Medinipur, WA West Bengal 721302
India

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