Forward Mortality Rates in Discrete Time I: Calibration and Securities Pricing
Pensions Institute Discussion Paper, PI-1511, September 2015
57 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2020
Date Written: September 1, 2015
Many users of mortality models are interested in using them to place values on longevity-linked liabilities and securities. Modern regulatory regimes require that the values of liabilities and reserves are consistent with market prices (if available), whilst the gradual emergence of a traded market in longevity risk needs methods for pricing new types of longevity-linked securities quickly and efficiently. In this study, we develop a new forward mortality framework to enable the efficient pricing of longevity-linked liabilities and securities in a market-consistent fashion. This approach starts from the historical data of the observed mortality rates, i.e., the force of mortality. Building on the dynamics of age/period/cohort models of the observed force of mortality, we develop models of forward mortality rates and then use a change of measure to incorporate whatever market information is available. The resulting forward mortality rates are then used to value a number of different longevity-linked securities, such as q-forwards, s-forwards and longevity swaps.
Keywords: mortality modelling, age/period/cohort models, forward mortality rates, Esscher transform, longevity-linked securities
JEL Classification: G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation