Non-Ordinary Mental Expressions (NOMEs): Clues on the Nature of the Human Mind

27 Pages Posted: 6 Apr 2020

Date Written: March 6, 2020


The aim of this essay is to describe several ostensibly odd experiences considered implausible, illusory or hallucinatory phenomena, largely considered to be disorders of the neurological or psychological functioning from the ruling mechanist-reductionist perspective of neurosciences.

A rigorous but open-minded neurophenomenological approach is required to properly investigate and understand such Non-Ordinary Mental Expressions (NOMEs). Individuals who experience NOMEs should not feel like they are outsiders or abnormal and should feel free to talk about their uncommon experiences, and professionals should listen to them with an open-minded, non-prejudicial and non-judgmental approach.

NOMEs challenges the ruling stance of medical and psychological science and suggest intriguing properties of human consciousness, which are likely to be incompatible with the accepted axioms and theories, showing the inescapable epistemological implications of their proper investigation and understanding.

Keywords: altered states of consciousness,anomalous experience, consciousness, epistemology, non-ordinary mental expressions

Suggested Citation

Facco, Enrico and Pederzoli, Luciano and Tressoldi, Patrizio E., Non-Ordinary Mental Expressions (NOMEs): Clues on the Nature of the Human Mind (March 6, 2020). Available at SSRN: or

Enrico Facco

University of Padova ( email )

Via 8 Febbraio
Padova, Vicenza 2-35122

Luciano Pederzoli

EvanLab ( email )

Via dei Ricci, 22
Impruneta, Firenze 50023

Patrizio E. Tressoldi (Contact Author)

Università di Padova ( email )

via Venezia 8
Padova, 35131


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