The Influence of Health Beliefs on Interpersonal Loneliness among Front-Line Healthcare Workers during the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Outbreak in China: A Cross-Sectional Study

16 Pages Posted: 12 Mar 2020 Last revised: 26 Mar 2020

See all articles by Nana Jiang

Nana Jiang

Tongji University - Shanghai East Hospital

Xinhua Jia

Shandong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Zhanjun Qiu

Shandong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Yuanlong Hu

Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine

Fangfang Yang

Tongji University - Shanghai East Hospital

Hongjun Wang

Shandong mental health center

Yanan He

Tongji University - Shanghai East Hospital

Date Written: March 11, 2020

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of health beliefs interpersonal loneliness among front-line healthcare workers working in 2019 novel coronavirus epidemic areas.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 205 clinical medical staff from epidemic areas to examine the associations of self-efficacy with interpersonal loneliness in Hubei. We use the Internet questionnaire survey platform "questionnaire Star" to make an online questionnaire system to collect the basic socio-demographic characteristics of the participants, loneliness score, self-efficacy score, and locus of control. The linear regression model was used to examine the relationship between self-efficacy score and loneliness score, adjusted for sex and education.

Results: Self-efficacy score was a positive correlation with loneliness score in the in both the unadjusted (β=0.30, 95%CI=0.12 to 0.48, p<0.001)and adjusted(β=0.30, 95%CI=0.12 to 0.48, p<0.001) analyses. Because of reverse scoring for self-efficacy, lower self-efficacy was associated with high levels of loneliness. Stratified analyses stratified by social demography characteristics showed that the no associations between self-efficacy score and loneliness score remained significant in over 35 years old or doctors.

Conclusions: Low level of self-efficacy is a risk factor for loneliness in medical staff. The group of medical staff with low self-efficacy should attract our attention, and some strategies should be formulated to alleviate loneliness through improving self-efficacy.

Keywords: cross-sectional, 2019 novel coronavirus, frontline healthcare workers, efficacy beliefs, locus of control, interpersonal loneliness

JEL Classification: I12

Suggested Citation

Jiang, Nana and Jia, Xinhua and Qiu, Zhanjun and Hu, Yuanlong and Yang, Fangfang and Wang, Hongjun and He, Yanan, The Influence of Health Beliefs on Interpersonal Loneliness among Front-Line Healthcare Workers during the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Outbreak in China: A Cross-Sectional Study (March 11, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3552645 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3552645

Nana Jiang (Contact Author)

Tongji University - Shanghai East Hospital ( email )

Shanghai
China

Xinhua Jia

Shandong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine ( email )

Zhanjun Qiu

Shandong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine ( email )

Yuanlong Hu

Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine ( email )

Shandong
China

Fangfang Yang

Tongji University - Shanghai East Hospital ( email )

Shanghai
China

Hongjun Wang

Shandong mental health center ( email )

Jinan, 272191
China

Yanan He

Tongji University - Shanghai East Hospital ( email )

Shanghai
China

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