China’s ‘Socialist Rule of Law’ and the Five Heroes of Mount Langya

16 Pages Posted: 12 Mar 2020

See all articles by Yingjie Guo

Yingjie Guo

The University of Sydney

John Garrick

Charles Darwin University

Date Written: March 12, 2020


Despite official explanations and academic research on the subject, it remains unclear what China’s ‘socialist rule of law’ really means or how it works, especially how the relationship between the CCP supremacy and the rule of law plays out in legal proceedings. This article addresses critical questions about the relationship through legal narrative analysis and deconstruction of six lawsuits involving derision of the legendary ‘Five Heroes of Mount Langya’, who have been portrayed in CCP propaganda for over seven decades as national exemplars and given a prominent place in the Party’s meta-narrative, or ‘Revolution lore’. The CCP’s handling of the cases indicates that the Party under Xi Jinping has shifted to a new approach to social-political control by increasingly resorting to the suppression of political dissent by legal means. The cases also reveal that, in terms of organic unity, organic integration of politics and law or Party–state integration, the police and courts are ensuring that the Party’s will prevails no matter what.

Suggested Citation

Guo, Yingjie and Garrick, John, China’s ‘Socialist Rule of Law’ and the Five Heroes of Mount Langya (March 12, 2020). Australian Journal of Asian Law, 2020, Vol 20 No 2, Article 4: 333-348, Available at SSRN:

Yingjie Guo (Contact Author)

The University of Sydney ( email )

University of Sydney
Sydney, NSW 2006

John Garrick

Charles Darwin University ( email )

School of Law
Darwin, Northern Territory 0800

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