Electricity Access and Structural Transformation: Evidence from Brazil's Electrification
69 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2020
Date Written: March 13, 2020
This study proposes a novel supply-side mechanism driving economic structural transformation: grid electrification. Increasing electricity availability affects the reallocation of inputs to more productive activities through generating higher returns and lowering entry costs in sectors with greater infrastructure intensity. The results of modeling and econometric analysis based on Brazil's historical data over the period 1970-2006 confirm that the manufacturing sector benefits the most in these two dimensions, followed by services and agriculture. The expansion of electricity infrastructure explains about 17 percent of this process and 32 percent of the observed increase in GDP per capita. Simulations of a multisector neoclassical growth model with heterogeneous firms help assessing the effectiveness of different electrification policies.
Keywords: Energy Policies & Economics, Textiles, Apparel & Leather Industry, Pulp & Paper Industry, Food & Beverage Industry, Common Carriers Industry, Construction Industry, Business Cycles and Stabilization Policies, General Manufacturing, Plastics & Rubber Industry, Food Security, Electric Power, Economic Theory & Research, Industrial Economics, Economic Growth
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