How Do Equity Analysts Impact Takeovers?
45 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2020
Date Written: March 13, 2020
Firms covered by more analysts are more likely to become takeover targets and more likely to enter deals in which their acquirers initiate private merger negotiations. Moreover, when equity analysts’ pre-acquisition price forecasts imply greater target undervaluation, target firms are more likely to initiate their own sale, takeover premiums are higher, those premiums tend to be revised upwards during private merger negotiations, and acquirer firms use less cash to structure the transaction. These results imply a material role for equity analysts during the M&A process: their coverage affects takeover probabilities while their price forecasts influence merger premiums and the merger consideration. Our findings support both investor recognition and information generation theories about the role of equity analysts in financial markets.
Keywords: Mergers and acquisitions; Private merger negotiations; Analyst coverage; Analyst price forecasts
JEL Classification: G24, G34, M40
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation