Innovation: The Key to Achieve Sustainable Development

8 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2020

Date Written: September 30, 2019


The concept of ‘sustainable development’ was highlighted for the first time at Stockholm in the United Nations Conference on human environment in 1972. However, this term was coined two years later in the Cocoyoc (Mexico) Declaration on Environment and Development and further emphasized upon at the Rio Declaration at the Earth Summit in 1992. It may be understood, as the development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of the future generations to meet their own needs. Sustainable development is thus an integration of developmental and environmental imperatives. It can be also equated with being a new way of science that involves, an integration of technology and social philosophy.

The United Nations adopted a new set of global development goals for 2016-2030 known as the Sustainable Development Goals in September 2015 as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This agenda puts forward a comprehensive agenda for global action to be taken on sustainable development and is aimed at inter alia ending poverty and reducing inequality in all forms. However, in order for the agenda to succeed, new innovative approaches are required with respect to the goals.

This includes innovation as a new form of social practice coupled with new or improvised technological products especially in in the light of achieving Goals 2 and 9 amongst other goals. Goal 2 focuses on ending hunger, achieving food security and improving nutrition and promoting sustainable agriculture. Similarly Goal 9 deals with building resilient infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization and fostering innovation.

Therefore, this paper will deal with how innovative approaches are integral in order to achieve the sustainable development goals and thereby not compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs while at the same time, meeting the needs of the present generation. The paper will delve into how the agenda of the goals puts forward a tremendous opportunity for new forms of innovation to contribute to ensuring sustainable development while also explaining the constraints that might be encountered in the process of doing so.

Keywords: innovation, sustainable development, goals, technology, social

Suggested Citation

Vikrant, Pachnanda, Innovation: The Key to Achieve Sustainable Development (September 30, 2019). OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 12, No. 09, pp. 41-48, 2019, Available at SSRN:

Pachnanda Vikrant (Contact Author)

Pachnanda Law Offices ( email )

Garg Chamber Block
Supreme Court of India
New Delhi

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