Understanding Households’ Choice of Cooking Fuels: Evidence from Urban Households in Pakistan

Asian Development Review, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 185–212, 2020

28 Pages Posted: 10 Apr 2020

See all articles by Dil Bahadur Rahut

Dil Bahadur Rahut

International Maize And Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)

Akhter Ali

CIMMYT Kenya

Khondoker Abdul Mottaleb

International Maize And Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)

Jeetendra Prakash Aryal

International Maize And Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)

Date Written: March 16, 2020

Abstract

Households in developing countries predominantly rely on solid fuel for cooking, which is injurious to both the environment and human health. The provision of clean energy for cooking, therefore, is essential for safeguarding the environment and human health, primarily of women and children in developing countries. Using the 2014–2015 Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey and robust econometric methods, this study analyzes different types of energy used for cooking among urban households in Pakistan. The study shows that although urban households in Pakistan mostly use gas for cooking, the use of solid fuels, particularly among poor and relatively less educated households, is pervasive. The econometric findings confirm that households with a higher level of education and wealthy families mainly use clean energy, such as gas, and are less likely to use dirty solid fuels, such as cake dung and crop residue for cooking. Considering the expansion of middle-class households and anticipating their demand for clean fuel for cooking, this study suggests ensuring an adequate supply of clean sources of energy to meet future demand as well as augmenting the affordability and awareness among households who are still dependent on solid fuels.

Keywords: choice, cooking fuels, education, gas, Pakistan, solid fuels, wealth

JEL Classification: D10, I31, Q40

Suggested Citation

Rahut, Dil Bahadur and Ali, Akhter and Mottaleb, Khondoker Abdul and Aryal, Jeetendra Prakash, Understanding Households’ Choice of Cooking Fuels: Evidence from Urban Households in Pakistan (March 16, 2020). Asian Development Review, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 185–212, 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3555452

Dil Bahadur Rahut (Contact Author)

International Maize And Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) ( email )

Apdo. Postal 6-641
Texcoco, El Batan 06600
Mexico

Akhter Ali

CIMMYT Kenya ( email )

Village Market 00621
Gigiri
Nairobi
Kenya

Khondoker Abdul Mottaleb

International Maize And Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) ( email )

Apdo. Postal 6-641
Texcoco, El Batan 06600
Mexico

Jeetendra Prakash Aryal

International Maize And Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)

Apdo. Postal 6-641
Texcoco, El Batan 06600
Mexico

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