Understanding Households’ Choice of Cooking Fuels: Evidence from Urban Households in Pakistan
Asian Development Review, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 185–212, 2020
28 Pages Posted: 10 Apr 2020
Date Written: March 16, 2020
Households in developing countries predominantly rely on solid fuel for cooking, which is injurious to both the environment and human health. The provision of clean energy for cooking, therefore, is essential for safeguarding the environment and human health, primarily of women and children in developing countries. Using the 2014–2015 Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey and robust econometric methods, this study analyzes different types of energy used for cooking among urban households in Pakistan. The study shows that although urban households in Pakistan mostly use gas for cooking, the use of solid fuels, particularly among poor and relatively less educated households, is pervasive. The econometric findings confirm that households with a higher level of education and wealthy families mainly use clean energy, such as gas, and are less likely to use dirty solid fuels, such as cake dung and crop residue for cooking. Considering the expansion of middle-class households and anticipating their demand for clean fuel for cooking, this study suggests ensuring an adequate supply of clean sources of energy to meet future demand as well as augmenting the affordability and awareness among households who are still dependent on solid fuels.
Keywords: choice, cooking fuels, education, gas, Pakistan, solid fuels, wealth
JEL Classification: D10, I31, Q40
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation