Estimating Long-Run Incarceration Rates for Australia, Canada, England & Wales, New Zealand and the United States

41 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2020

See all articles by Andrew Leigh

Andrew Leigh

Australian House of Representatives Parliament House; Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, ANU; IZA

Date Written: 2020

Abstract

Compiling data from dozens of archival sources, I compile the most extensive series to date of the long-run imprisonment rate for five English-speaking nations: Australia, Canada, England and Wales, New Zealand and the United States. These series are constructed as a share of adults rather than the entire population, and I discuss why the latter can be misleading. In the late-nineteenth century, Australia had the highest incarceration rate of these nations. Today, the United States has the highest rate. With the exception of Canada, incarceration rates have risen markedly since the mid-1980s. These new series are made available in full, to allow other researchers to explore the consequences and causes of incarceration.

Keywords: prison, jail, incarceration, crime

JEL Classification: I300, K140, N300

Suggested Citation

Leigh, Andrew, Estimating Long-Run Incarceration Rates for Australia, Canada, England & Wales, New Zealand and the United States (2020). CESifo Working Paper No. 8156, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3555583

Andrew Leigh (Contact Author)

Australian House of Representatives Parliament House ( email )

Canberra, 2600
Australia

Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, ANU ( email )

ANU College of Business and Economics
Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia

IZA ( email )

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
15
Abstract Views
71
PlumX Metrics