Impact of Sanitation, Safe Drinking Water and Health Expenditure on Infant Mortality Rate in Developing Economies

21 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2020

See all articles by Zhou Lu

Zhou Lu

Tianjin University of Commerce

Jayatilleke S. Bandara

Griffith University

Sudharshan Reddy Paramati

University of Dundee; affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: March 2020

Abstract

Despite of significant growth in all walks of life, the issue of infant mortality still a major concern in most of the developing economies. The World Development Indicators have reported that 4.45 million infants died across the globe in 2015, meaning that 32 deaths per every 1,000 live births. A number of times, the World Health Organization (WHO) have stressed the significance of sanitation, safe drinking water and healthcare facilities in reducing infant mortality rate, though most developing countries still lacks in these services. Given this background, the present study aims to examine the role of sanitation, water facilities and health expenditure on infant mortality rate across a panel of 84 developing economies using annual data from 1995 to 2013. The study also account for per capita income and depth of food deficiency as the control factors in the model. The findings of this study establish a significant long‐run equilibrium association among the variables. The long‐run elasticities on infant mortality suggest that improved water and sanitation facilities, health expenditure and per capita income substantially reduce infant mortality rate, while food deficiency increases. Given these findings, we suggest that increasing access to improved water, sanitation and healthcare facilities will significantly reduce child mortality in developing economies around the world.

Keywords: developing economies, drinking water, health expenditure, infant mortality rate, sanitation

Suggested Citation

Lu, Zhou and Bandara, Jayatilleke S. and Paramati, Sudharshan Reddy and Paramati, Sudharshan Reddy, Impact of Sanitation, Safe Drinking Water and Health Expenditure on Infant Mortality Rate in Developing Economies (March 2020). Australian Economic Papers, Vol. 59, Issue 1, pp. 13-33, 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3556794 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8454.12167

Zhou Lu (Contact Author)

Tianjin University of Commerce

P.O. box 9007
Tianjin 300072
United States

Jayatilleke S. Bandara

Griffith University

170 Kessels Road
Nathan, Queensland QLD 4111
Australia

Sudharshan Reddy Paramati

University of Dundee ( email )

Dundee, Scotland DD1 4HN
United Kingdom
0138284845 (Phone)
DD1 4HN (Fax)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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