Encroachments & the Mystery of Capital: A Pakistani Context

25 Pages Posted: 15 Apr 2020

See all articles by Amna Tauhidi

Amna Tauhidi

Centre for Aerospace and Security Studies (CASS)

Usman W. Chohan

UNSW Business School; Centre for Aerospace & Security Studies (CASS); Critical Blockchain Research Initiative (CBRI); International Association of Hyperpolyglots (HYPIA)

Date Written: March 17, 2020


This working paper attempts to examine the economic nature of encroachments in developing countries by considering the context of Pakistan. In the tradition of De Soto (2000), the question of encroachments is framed in terms of the “mystery of capital,” in that developing economies such as Pakistan are characterized by an absence of enforceable legal property ownership and title to concrete/material assets as a source of revenue generation. Instituional and legal considerations are presented, along with an emphasis on Islamabad (capital) as a pertinent case. Given the dearth of data, the theoretical approach posited by De Soto enriches the discussion about the nature and the consequences of ad-hoc, informal encroachment on developing countries including Pakistan.

Keywords: Encroachment, Economic, Development, Urbanization, Pakistan, Population

Suggested Citation

Tauhidi, Amna and Chohan, Usman W. and Chohan, Usman W., Encroachments & the Mystery of Capital: A Pakistani Context (March 17, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3557571 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3557571

Amna Tauhidi

Centre for Aerospace and Security Studies (CASS) ( email )

Centre for aerospace and security studies
Old Airport road, chaklala cantt, Rawalpindi
Punjab 44000

Usman W. Chohan (Contact Author)

Centre for Aerospace & Security Studies (CASS) ( email )


UNSW Business School ( email )

UNSW Business School
High St
Sydney, NSW 2052

Critical Blockchain Research Initiative (CBRI) ( email )

International Association of Hyperpolyglots (HYPIA) ( email )

Montreal, Quebec

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