The Value of "New" and "Old" Intermediation in Online Debt Crowdfunding

55 Pages Posted: 14 Apr 2020 Last revised: 27 Apr 2022

See all articles by Fabio Braggion

Fabio Braggion

Tilburg University - Tilburg University School of Economics and Management; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)

Alberto Manconi

Bocconi University - Department of Finance; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Nicola Pavanini

Tilburg University; Tilburg University - Tilburg University School of Economics and Management; CEPR IO Programme

Haikun Zhu

Erasmus University Rotterdam

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 22, 2022

Abstract

Whereas many online marketplaces are fundamentally peer-to-peer, credit ones sell diversified loan portfolios characterized by maturity mismatch, a traditional feature of financial intermediation. To understand why, we develop a structural model of online debt crowdfunding and estimate it on a novel database from a large Chinese platform. Abandoning the peer-to-peer paradigm raises lender surplus, platform profits, and credit provision, but exposes investors to liquidity risk. A counterfactual where the platform resembles a bank by bearing liquidity risk generates larger lender surplus and credit provision when liquidity is low. More generally, our results shed light on how financial intermediation creates value.

Keywords: Marketplace credit, Chinese financial system, Structural estimation

JEL Classification: D14, D61, G21, G51, L21

Suggested Citation

Braggion, Fabio and Manconi, Alberto and Pavanini, Nicola and Zhu, Haikun, The Value of "New" and "Old" Intermediation in Online Debt Crowdfunding (April 22, 2022). European Corporate Governance Institute – Finance Working Paper 719/2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3557942 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3557942

Fabio Braggion

Tilburg University - Tilburg University School of Economics and Management ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI) ( email )

c/o the Royal Academies of Belgium
Rue Ducale 1 Hertogsstraat
1000 Brussels
Belgium

Alberto Manconi (Contact Author)

Bocconi University - Department of Finance ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
Milano, MI 20136
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://mypage.unibocconi.eu/albertomanconi/

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Nicola Pavanini

Tilburg University ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/nicolapavanini/

Tilburg University - Tilburg University School of Economics and Management ( email )

PO Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE Ti
Netherlands

CEPR IO Programme ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Haikun Zhu

Erasmus University Rotterdam ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/zhuhaikun2018/home

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