Subsampled Factor Models for Asset Pricing: The Rise of Vasa
Journal of Forecasting (2022)
64 Pages Posted: 14 Apr 2020 Last revised: 23 Feb 2023
Date Written: November 1, 2020
We propose a new method, VASA, based on variable subsample aggregation of model predictions for equity returns using a large-dimensional set of factors. To demonstrate the effectiveness, robustness, and dimension reduction power of VASA, we perform a comparative analysis between state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms. As a performance measure, we explore not only the global predictive but also the stock-specific R2's and their distribution. While the global R2 indicates the average forecasting accuracy, we find that high variability in the stock-specific R2's can be detrimental for the portfolio performance, due to the higher prediction risk. Since VASA shows minimal variability, portfolios formed on this method outperform the portfolios based on more complicated methods like random forests and neural nets.
Keywords: Large-dimensional factor models, machine learning, return prediction, subagging, subsampling.
JEL Classification: C13, C30, C53, C58, G12, G17
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