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Social Support Protects Chinese Medical Staff from Suffering Psychological Symptoms in COVID-19 Defense

23 Pages Posted: 1 Apr 2020

See all articles by Yan Lv

Yan Lv

Hainan Medical University - Department of Neurology

Zhun Zhang

Meizhou People's Hospital - Department of Psychology

Yuandi Xi

Capital Medical University - Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics

Weijian Zeng

Meizhou People's Hospital - Department of Respiratory Critical Medicine

Jia Li

Hainan Medical University - Department of Neurology

Jie Li

Meizhou People's Hospital - Department of Geriatrics

Xuewen Wang

Wuhan Asian Cardiovascular Hospital - Department of Cardiology

GQ Hailong Luo

Meizhou People's Hospital - Department of Psychology

More...

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

Background: At the very beginning of the epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) in China, not only the public but also the medical staff were confronting with psychological challenging and suffering for the highly infectious and unknown characteristics of the disease. In this study, we surveyed the psychological symptoms like anxiety, depression, and sleep disorder for medical staff.

Method: A questionnaire star/ WeChat link-based survey of GAD-7 (Generalized Anxiety Disorder, GAD-7), PHQ-9(Patient Health Questionnaire-9) depression, ISI (Insomnia Severity Index) scales, Social Support Scales besides lifestyle, and income level were conducted and checked for 8288 medical staff from almost 24 provinces in China. Paired T-test and T test was used for the evaluation of single risk factors and significant difference of psychological symptoms before and during the defense. Biliary Logistic regression analyses was conducted for the risk factors of anxiety, depression, and sleep disorder symptoms.

Result: The doctors and nurses had more psychological symptoms during the defense against the epidemic compared with before the defense. Female, nurses, lack of social support were risk factors for psychological symptoms. Social support, including objective support, subjective support, and utility of support, were all lower in the anxiety, depression, and sleep disorders affected doctors and nurses.

Conclusion: The susceptibility of psychological symptoms of medical staff could be eased by enhancing social support during the CIVOD-19 defense.

Funding Statement: This work was supported in part by grants from the Fund of National Natural Science Foundation (No. 81973018). The funding supported the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data. This study was supported by multicenter and multi department cooperation.

Declaration of Interests: All of the authors declare no conflict of competing interests.

Ethics Approval Statement: The Research Ethics Committee of Hainan General Hospital approved the study protocol. Participants indicated their agreement to participate in the study via the electronic informed consent included in the survey.

Keywords: Chinese medical staff; social support; anxiety; depression; sleep disorder

Suggested Citation

Lv, Yan and Zhang, Zhun and Xi, Yuandi and Zeng, Weijian and Li, Jia and Li, Jie and Wang, Xuewen and Luo, GQ Hailong, Social Support Protects Chinese Medical Staff from Suffering Psychological Symptoms in COVID-19 Defense (3/18/2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3557996 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3557996

Yan Lv (Contact Author)

Hainan Medical University - Department of Neurology ( email )

Haikou
China

Zhun Zhang

Meizhou People's Hospital - Department of Psychology

China

Yuandi Xi

Capital Medical University - Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics

China

Weijian Zeng

Meizhou People's Hospital - Department of Respiratory Critical Medicine

Meizhou
China

Jia Li

Hainan Medical University - Department of Neurology

Haikou
China

Jie Li

Meizhou People's Hospital - Department of Geriatrics

Meizhou
China

Xuewen Wang

Wuhan Asian Cardiovascular Hospital - Department of Cardiology ( email )

Wuhan
China

GQ Hailong Luo

Meizhou People's Hospital - Department of Psychology ( email )

China

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