Evolutionary Analysis of SARS-2-CoV: How Mutation of Non-Structural Protein 6 (NSP6) Could Affect Viral Autophagy
13 Pages Posted: 2 Apr 2020More...
Background: SARS-2-CoV is a new coronavirus that has spread globally, infecting more than 150000 people, and being declared pandemic by the WHO. We provide here bio-informatic, evolutionary analysis of 351 available sequences of its genome with the aim of mapping genome structural variations and the patterns of selection.
Methods: A Maximum likelihood tree has been built and selective pressure has been investigated in order to find any mutation developed during the SARS-2-CoV epidemic that could potentially affect clinical evolution of the infection.
Finding: We have found in more recent isolates the presence of two mutations affecting the Non-Structural Protein 6 (NSP6) and the Open Reading Frame10 (ORF 10) adjacent regions. Amino acidic change stability analysis suggests both mutations could confer lower stability of the protein structures. Particularly, NSP6 mutation prospects as its potential relevance for modulation of cellular autophagy.
Interpretation: Our results show the presence of mutations, likely developed within the viral genome during its spread, one of which could affect virus intracellular survival. Genome follow-up of SARS-2-CoV spread is urgently needed in order to identify mutations that could significantly modify virus pathogenicity.
Funding Statement: No specific funding source has been received.
Declaration of Interests: The authors declare no competing interests.
Ethics Approval Statement: All the data used for this study have been downloaded from NCBI and GISAID databank, no personal information has been collected and no patient or animal has been directly involved in the experiment.
Keywords: SARS-2-CoV, COVID-19, Coronavirus, Bio-informatic, Autophagy, molecular evolution
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