Trueque (DCH) (Barter (DCH))

28 Pages Posted: 24 Mar 2020

See all articles by Pol Rene Moutin

Pol Rene Moutin

Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Sociales del Rosario

Date Written: January 31, 2020

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: El artículo estudia el contrato de trueque en Hispanoamérica y Filipinas entre los siglos XVI y XVIII. Aborda el trueque de cosas propiamente dichas, el cambio de divisas, y por último, la permuta de cosas de la Iglesia y de beneficios eclesiásticos. Se analiza, dónde y quiénes podían trocar sus productos. Se estudia qué herramientas podían ejercerse ante el incumplimiento de una de las partes. Sumado a ello son revisados también, dos institutos vinculados a la licitud de este intercambio, por una parte, cuándo procedía la obligación de restituir, y por la otra, la figura del fiel ejecutor como delegado real. Dentro del género trueque, es abordada la especie cambio de divisas, en especial, los cambiadores profesionales y los tipos de cambio que realizaban, tales como cambio menudo, por letras, y seco, que en este último se configuraba la usura. Otro actor principal indagado son los bancos de depósito de monedas. Finalmente, se abordan la permuta de cosas de la Iglesia y la de beneficios eclesiásticos. En ambas figuras se estudia qué bienes o beneficios podían enajenarse, sus requisitos necesarios para la validez contractual, y los arquetipos afines empleados por la Iglesia en la época de estudio.

English Abstract: The article studies the barter contract in Spanish America and the Philippines between the 16th and 18th centuries. It addresses the barter of properly diverse things, currency exchange, and finally, the exchange of things of the Church and ecclesiastical benefits. It is analyzed, where and who could exchange their products. What tools could be exercised in the event of non-compliance by one of the parties is studied. In addition to this, two institutes linked to the lawfulness of this exchange are also reviewed, on the one hand, when the obligation to restitute procedure, and on the other, the figure of the faithful executor as royal delegate. Within the barter genre, the type of currency exchange is addressed, especially professional exchangers and the exchange rates they carried out, such as small exchange for letters, and dry, which in the latter was usury. Another main actor investigated are the currency deposit banks. Finally, the exchange of things of the Church and that of the ecclesiastical benefits are addressed. Both figures study what adequate goods or benefits to be alienated, their necessary requirements for contractual validity, and the related archetypes used by the Church at the time of study.

Keywords: Barter, Exchange, Bill of exchange, Bank, Ecclesial benefits bartering

Suggested Citation

Moutin, Pol Rene, Trueque (DCH) (Barter (DCH)) (January 31, 2020). Max Planck Institute for European Legal History Research Paper Series No. 2020-06, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3559225 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3559225

Pol Rene Moutin (Contact Author)

Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Sociales del Rosario ( email )

Avenida Pellegrini 3314
Rosario, Santa Fe 2000
Argentina
5493414368000 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://uca.edu.ar/es/rosario

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