Access to Medicines: Experiences with Compulsory Licenses and Government Use - The Case of Hepatitis C

South Centre Research Paper No. 85

46 Pages Posted: 16 Apr 2020

See all articles by Carlos M. Correa

Carlos M. Correa

University of Buenos Aires (UBA) - Faculty of Social Sciences

Germán Velásquez

South Centre

Date Written: April 18, 2019

Abstract

This South Centre research paper discusses first, the limitations of the current research and development (R&D) model and its implications for access to medicines. Second, it considers the tension between intellectual property rights applied to medicines and States’ observance of the fundamental right to health. Third, it examines the case of access to medicines for the treatment of Hepatitis C, illustrating the barriers to access created by intellectual property and the high prices normally associated with its exercise. Fourth, it presents the background, main aspects and obstacles to the achievement of the objectives of the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health (2001). To conclude, this paper examines the experiences of compulsory licensing and government use of patents in Latin America (particularly in Ecuador, Peru and Colombia).

Keywords: Access to Medicines, Compulsory Licenses, Dispute Settlement, Health, Hepatitis C, Innovation, Intellectual Property, Patent, Research and Development (R&D), TRIPS, World Health Assembly (WHA), World Health Organization (WHO)

JEL Classification: I1, I18

Suggested Citation

Correa, Carlos M. and Velásquez, Germán, Access to Medicines: Experiences with Compulsory Licenses and Government Use - The Case of Hepatitis C (April 18, 2019). South Centre Research Paper No. 85, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3559640 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3559640

Carlos M. Correa (Contact Author)

University of Buenos Aires (UBA) - Faculty of Social Sciences ( email )

Marcelo T. de Alvear Marcelo T. de Alvear 2230
Buenos Aires, C1122AAJ
Argentina

Germán Velásquez

South Centre

17-19 Chemin du Champ d'Anier
Geneva, Geneva 1211
Switzerland

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
14
Abstract Views
99
PlumX Metrics