Financial Fragility in Retail-NBFCs

49 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2020

See all articles by V. Ravi Anshuman

V. Ravi Anshuman

Indian Institute of Management Bangalore

Rajdeep Sharma

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: March 23, 2020


This study examines the financial fragility of the Retail Non-Banking Financial Companies (Retail-NBFCs) sector. We show that the liquidity crunch in Retail-NBFCs stemmed from their over-dependence on short-term wholesale funding from Liquid Debt Mutual Funds (LDMFs) and the low level of high-quality liquid investments in the LDMF sector. While such reliance worked well in good times, it generated significant short-term debt rollover problems for Retail-NBFCs during times of stress. The key reason for the inability of Retail-NBFCs to roll over commercial paper was the transmission of systemic risk from Retail-NBFCs to the LDMF sector. Anticipating defaults by Retail-NBFCs, mutual fund investors exited from the LDMF sector. The low levels of high-quality liquid assets in the LDMF sector were insufficient to withstand the concerted redemption pressure by investors and made the LDMF sector reluctant to roll over short-term debt of Retail-NBFCs. We develop a robust tool (Health Score) to estimate financial fragility in a Retail-NBFCs and find that it can predict the constraints on external financing (or rollover risk) faced by these firms.

Keywords: shadow banking, Retail-NBFC, liquid debt mutual funds, rollover risk, redemption risk, short-term wholesale funding, interconnectedness risk, financial and operating resilience, health score, cumulative abnormal returns

JEL Classification: G01, G14, G23, C23

Suggested Citation

Anshuman, V. Ravi and Sharma, Rajdeep, Financial Fragility in Retail-NBFCs (March 23, 2020). IIM Bangalore Research Paper No. 604, Available at SSRN: or

V. Ravi Anshuman (Contact Author)

Indian Institute of Management Bangalore ( email )

Bannerghatta Rd.
Department of Finance
Bangalore, Karnataka

Rajdeep Sharma

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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