The Academic Market and the Rise of Universities in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (1000-1800)

73 Pages Posted: 25 Mar 2020

See all articles by David de la Croix

David de la Croix

IRES, Universit Catholique de Louvain

Frédéric Docquier

Université catholique de Louvain; CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Alice Fabre

Aix-Marseille University

Robert Stelter

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research

Date Written: March 2020

Abstract

We argue that market forces shaped the geographic distribution of upper-tail human capital across Europe during the Middle Ages, and contributed to bolstering universities at the dawn of the Humanistic and Scientific Revolutions. We build a unique database of thousands of scholars from university sources covering all of Europe, construct an index of their ability, and map the academic market in the medieval and early modern periods. We show that scholars tended to concentrate in the best universities (agglomeration), that better scholars were more sensitive to the quality of the university (positive sorting) and migrated over greater distances (positive selection). Agglomeration, selection and sorting patterns testify to a functioning academic market, made possible by political fragmentation and the use of a common language (Latin).

Keywords: agglomeration, Discrete choice model, Publications, Scholars, Universities, Upper-Tail Human Capital

JEL Classification: I25, N33, O15

Suggested Citation

de la Croix, David and Docquier, Frédéric and Fabre, Alice and Stelter, Robert, The Academic Market and the Rise of Universities in Medieval and Early Modern Europe (1000-1800) (March 2020). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP14509, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3560317

David De la Croix (Contact Author)

IRES, Universit Catholique de Louvain ( email )

Belgium

Frédéric Docquier

Université catholique de Louvain ( email )

IRES
Place Montesquieu 3
Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348
Belgium

HOME PAGE: http://https://perso.uclouvain.be/frederic.docquier/

CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK

University of Newcastle
NE1 7RU Newcastle Upon Tyne
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Alice Fabre

Aix-Marseille University ( email )

Robert Stelter

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research ( email )

Doberaner Str. 114
Rostock 18057, 53113
Germany

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