Decarbonising the transport and energy sectors: technical feasibility and socioeconomic impacts in Costa Rica

20 Pages Posted: 11 May 2020 Last revised: 7 Oct 2020

See all articles by Guido Godinez

Guido Godinez

University of Costa Rica

Luis Victor-Gallardo

University of Costa Rica

Jam Angulo-Paniagua

University of Costa Rica

Eunice Ramos

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Mark Howells

Loughborough University

Will Usher

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH)

Felipe De Leon

Government of Costa Rica - Ministry of Environment and Energy

Andrea Meza

Ministry of Environment and Energy, Cost Rica

Jairo Quirós-Tortós

University of Costa Rica

Date Written: January 29, 2020

Abstract

Compliance with the Paris Agreement requires the transformation of national economies to meet net-zero carbon dioxide emissions by mid-century. To accomplish this, countries need to define long-term decarbonization strategies with near- and mid-term actions to determine their ideal future scenario while maximizing socioeconomic benefits. This paper describes the process followed to support the creation of the decarbonisation pathway for the transport and energy sectors presented in Costa Rica’s National Decarbonisation Plan. We discuss in detail the technological pathway of a deep-decarbonisation future that supports reaching net-zero emissions by 2050. Compared to a business-as-usual (BAU) scenario, our results show that the decarbonisation pathway can lead to emissions’ reduction of 87% in the transport and energy sectors by 2050. Energy efficiency, the adoption of electromobility, modal-shift towards public transport and active mobility, as well as reduced demand due to digitalisation and teleworking, are found to be key drivers towards the deep-decarbonisation. These measures combined enable a 25% reduction of primary energy production by 2050. The results highlight that the decarbonisation scenario requires installing 4.4 GW more of renewable power plants by 2050, compared to the BAU scenario (80%). We also show that additional investments for the deep-decarbonisation are compensated with the reduced operating cost. Crucially, we found that the pathway presented in the Decarbonization Plan results in a lower total discounted cost of about 5%, indicating that a deep-decarbonisation is technically feasible and is coupled to socioeconomic benefits.

Keywords: OSeMOSYS-CR, Deep Decarbonozation Pathways, Participatory backcasting, Cost-benefits Analysis

Suggested Citation

Godínez-Zamora, Guido and Victor-Gallardo, Luis and Angulo-Paniagua, Jam and Ramos, Eunice and Howells, Mark and Usher, Will and De Leon, Felipe and Meza, Andrea and Quirós-Tortós, Jairo, Decarbonising the transport and energy sectors: technical feasibility and socioeconomic impacts in Costa Rica (January 29, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3560584 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3560584

Guido Godínez-Zamora (Contact Author)

University of Costa Rica ( email )

San José 10026-1000
Costa Rica

Luis Victor-Gallardo

University of Costa Rica ( email )

San José 10026-1000
Costa Rica

Jam Angulo-Paniagua

University of Costa Rica ( email )

San José 10026-1000
Costa Rica

Eunice Ramos

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) ( email )

Lindstedtsvägen 30-100 44
Stockholm, SE-100 44
Sweden

Mark Howells

Loughborough University ( email )

Ashby Road
Nottingham NG1 4BU
Great Britain

Will Usher

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) ( email )

Lindstedtsvägen 30-100 44
Stockholm, SE-100 44
Sweden

Felipe De Leon

Government of Costa Rica - Ministry of Environment and Energy ( email )

San José
Costa Rica

Andrea Meza

Ministry of Environment and Energy, Cost Rica ( email )

Jairo Quirós-Tortós

University of Costa Rica ( email )

San José 10026-1000
Costa Rica

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
181
Abstract Views
746
rank
197,143
PlumX Metrics