Estimating the COVID-19 Cash Crunch: Global Evidence and Policy
36 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2020 Last revised: 14 Mar 2022
Date Written: April 8, 2020
In this paper, we investigate how the COVID-19 health crisis could affect the liquidity of listed firms across 26 countries. We stress-test three liquidity ratios for each firm with full and partial operating flexibility in two simulated distress scenarios corresponding to drops in sales of 50% and 75%, respectively. In the most adverse scenario, the average firm with partial operating flexibility would exhaust its cash holdings in about two years. At that point, its current liabilities would increase, on average, by eight times, suggesting that the average firm would have to resort to the debt market to prevent a liquidity crunch. Moreover, about 1/10th of all sample firms would become illiquid within six months. Finally, we study two different fiscal policies, tax deferrals and bridge loans, that governments could implement to mitigate the liquidity risk. Our analysis suggests bridge loans are more cost-effective to prevent a massive cash crunch.
Keywords: COVID-19, cash crunch, liquidity risk, business taxes, fiscal policies, bridge loans
JEL Classification: G32; G33; H25; H32; M41
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