N6-Methyladenosine Modification of the TRIM7 Positively Regulates Tumorigenesis and Chemoresistance in Osteosarcoma Through Ubiquitination of BRMS1
38 Pages Posted: 20 May 2020More...
Background: Metastasis is the leading cause of death in patients with osteosarcoma. Some of these patients fail to respond to chemotherapy and die of metastasis within a short period. Therefore, it is important to identify novel biomarkers to improve the diagnosis and treatment of osteosarcoma. TRIM7 is a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family protein that is involved in various pathological conditions including cancer; however, its role in osteosarcoma remains elusive.
Methods: Cell proliferation, invasion and migration were measured by CCK-8 and Transwell. Immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry analysis were used to identify candidate proteins associated with TRIM7. Immunoprecipitation, immunofluorescence, pull down and ubiquitination assay were performed to examine the regulation between TRIM7 and its candidate protein. m6A modification of TRIM7 was measured by RNA immunoprecipitation.
Findings: TRIM7 expression was upregulated in osteosarcoma tissues and was an independent risk factor in predicting poor prognosis. TRIM7 regulates osteosarcoma cell migration and invasion through ubiquitination of breast cancer metastasis suppressor 1 (BRMS1). Moreover, chemoresistance was readily observed in osteosarcoma cells and in patient-derived xenograft (PDX) mice with higher TRIM7 levels. Loss of TRIM7 m6A modification was observed in osteosarcoma tissues. METTL3 and YTHDF2 were the main factors involved in the aberrant m6A modification of TRIM7.
Interpretation: Overall, our findings show that TRIM7 plays a key role in regulating metastasis and chemoresistance in osteosarcoma through ubiquitination of BRMS1.
Funding Statement: This work was financially supported by grants of NSFC (81001192, 81672658 and 81972521) and National Key Research Project of Science and Technology Ministry (2016YFC0106204).
Declaration of Interests: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
Ethics Approval Statement: The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People’s Hospital.
Animal experiments were approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee of Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People’s Hospital.
Keywords: osteosarcoma; TRIM7; BRMS1; metastasis; ubiquitination; chemoresistance; m6A methylation
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