The Impact of Human Resource Practices on Corporate Investment Efficiency
49 Pages Posted: 30 Mar 2020 Last revised: 11 Mar 2023
Date Written: February 27, 2023
We examine the effect of systems of human resource practices on investment efficiency. We argue that employees at all levels of an organization play a significant role in efficient corporate investment. Thus, human resource systems aimed at improving employee quality should be associated with efficient corporate investment. However, the outcome of such systems can be controversial, as they are often ineffective, costly, have dis-synergies and deprive other types of investments of funding, which could lead to deviations from optimal investment. Our findings reveal that systems of human resource practices are negatively associated with investment efficiency, inducing both over- and under-investment. Results are driven mainly by an HR system with a more direct cash cost and are more pronounced with respect to investments in R&D and acquisitions. Overall, our findings are consistent with human resource systems not aligning employees’ and shareholders’ interests, with consequences for investment efficiency.
Keywords: Human resource practices, Human resource systems, Investment efficiency, Over-investment, Under-investment
JEL Classification: O15, G10, G31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation