The Opportunity Approach to Compliance

Van Rooij, B., & Fine, A. The Opportunity Approach to Compliance. In B. Van Rooij & D. D. Sokol (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook on Compliance. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2021 Forthcoming)

UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2020-21

Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020-23

General Subserie Research Paper No. 2020-05

25 Pages Posted: 9 Apr 2020 Last revised: 28 May 2020

See all articles by Benjamin van Rooij

Benjamin van Rooij

University of California, Irvine School of Law; University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law

Adam Fine

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Criminology & Criminal Justice

Date Written: March 29, 2020

Abstract

The opportunity approach to compliance focuses on understanding how rule-breaking behaviour takes place and then tries to reduce the factors that enable rule breaking. This chapter reviews two core criminological theories within the opportunity approach: routine activity theory and situational crime prevention. The chapter assesses empirical evidence as to whether policies based on these theories can reduce rule-violating behaviour. Moreover, it discusses the extent to which the opportunity approach can result in displacement and adaptation effects. And finally, it explores potential downsides to the opportunity approach such as victim blaming and reductions in autonomy and freedom of choice.

Keywords: compliance, routine activities theory, situational crime prevention, opportunity criminology, white collar crime

JEL Classification: K10, K14, K20, K30, M10, M14

Suggested Citation

van Rooij, Benjamin and Fine, Adam, The Opportunity Approach to Compliance (March 29, 2020). Van Rooij, B., & Fine, A. The Opportunity Approach to Compliance. In B. Van Rooij & D. D. Sokol (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook on Compliance. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press (2021 Forthcoming) , UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2020-21, Amsterdam Law School Research Paper No. 2020-23, General Subserie Research Paper No. 2020-05, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3563461

Benjamin Van Rooij (Contact Author)

University of California, Irvine School of Law ( email )

401 E. Peltason Dr.
Ste. 1000
Irvine, CA 92697-1000
United States

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Law ( email )

Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Adam Fine

Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Criminology & Criminal Justice ( email )

411 N. Central Avenue
Phoenix, AZ 85004
United States

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