A Critical Analysis to the United Nations' Performance in the light of Contemporary Global Challenges

94 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2020

See all articles by Ahmad Medhat

Ahmad Medhat

Cairo University - Faculty of Economics & Political Science; Egyptian Competition Authority

Date Written: April 1, 2020


It is an undeniably fact that the United Nations plays an important role in our world. Since its establishment, its main aim is to be a beacon of international peace and security in all means. However, the organizations recently suffered from a lot of institutional, political and other problems, as well as problems within its significant organs like General Assembly, International Court of Justice and most importantly, the Security Council. The United Nations has showed a lot of failures and inactions in tackling and solving a lot of contemporary political conflicts, civil wars, and humanitarian crises that have been escalated since the Arab Spring’s revolutions in 2011. Moreover, the problems it suffers from have become more severe, overwhelming and have been threatening its integrity, objectivity, credibility and effectiveness in the eyes of a lot of scholars, international experts, countries and populations.

Therefore, this paper gives a critical analysis to the current functioning of the United Nations organization. Firstly, it starts with an introduction to the organization and summary to the basic destinations that lead eventually to the establishment of the United Nations in 1945. Secondly, it explains in details the structure of the organization with all of its organs, related international and regional organizations, committees, councils, agencies, programmes, offices and departments. Thirdly, it tackles the significant successes and failures of UN in different fields since 1945 till recently. After that, the critical analysis begins to some articles of the charter and UN’s organs, particularly the significant ones like General Assembly, International Court of Justice and Security Council. In addition, the paper provides criticism to the Veto Power accompanies by real cases as well as giving a brief on the Collective Security System. Last but not least, it discusses the main problems of UN and challenges and allegations facing the peacekeeping operations. Eventually, it highlights the proposals submitted to reform the UN and the extent to which the implementation of these resolutions can be feasible, and ends with a conclusion.

Keywords: Draft Resolution, Peacekeeping, Charter of the United Nations, Reform Proposals, Human Rights, Veto Power, Double Standards, Collective Security System

JEL Classification: F50

Suggested Citation

Medhat, Ahmad and Medhat, Ahmad, A Critical Analysis to the United Nations' Performance in the light of Contemporary Global Challenges (April 1, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3564486 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3564486

Ahmad Medhat (Contact Author)

Egyptian Competition Authority ( email )

B19, 1st Floor
Smart Village KM28
Cairo - Alexandria desert, 1212
01270579394 (Phone)

Cairo University - Faculty of Economics & Political Science ( email )

Cairo, Dokki

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