The Economics of Foreign Direct Investment and Trade with an Application to the U.S. Food Processing Industry
11 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2020
Date Written: May 1999
This article investigates the determinants of foreign direct investment and its relationship to trade in the U.S. food industry. A multinational corporation maximizes profits by choosing between production at home, which is exported, and production in a host country. This introduces the possibility that foreign affiliate sales can substitute and/or complement exports. The empirical framework consists of a four‐equations system with foreign affiliate sales, exports, affiliate employment, and FDI as endogenous variables. The results confirm small substitution between foreign sales and exports, and that the host country's protection policies affect the decision to invest abroad.
Keywords: export, foreign affiliate sales, foreign direct investment, multinational corporation, F210, F230, L660
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